Oral Cancer: Dangerous footsteps in the young generation of Gujarat
Oral cancer is more commonly known as oral cancer. This cancer is most common in head and neck cancers and refers to any cancerous tissue located in the oral cavity. Oral cancer is a heterogeneous group of cancers that originate from different parts of the oral cavity, in which different factors, current, and treatment outcomes are responsible. It is the sixth most common cancer in the world, with 30,000 cases each year in developing countries, an increase of 62%. Oral cancer accounts for about 33% of all cancers diagnosed in India. About two lakh people are diagnosed with oral cancer every year in the country. Read Also: Now you can download mygov corona certificate helpdesk WhatsApp chatbot
According to the National Cancer Registry Program of the Indian Council of Medical Research, there are an estimated 1,28,451 cases of oral cancer in India by the year 2020. Gujarat has seen a decline in the total number of cancer cases. But oral and lip cancer has increased by 7% in Gujarat. The roots of cancer in Gujarat are deep-rooted and the Lancet study ‘The Burden of Cancers and Their Variations Across States of India’ report states that Gujarat ranks second in India (mortality and fatal effect) in terms of lip and oral cancer patients.
Oral cancers include cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, palate. As well the hard and soft palate, sinuses and can be fatal if not treated in time. Read Also: 5 best treatments of arthritis
Non-smoking and non-smoker tobacco use:
Tobacco and/or alcohol consumption may be responsible for more than 80% of oral cancers. So it justifies regular oral testing for people who use tobacco and alcohol. As well as preventive measures focused on tobacco and alcohol control. Is.
Arecanut chewing, as it often contains areca nut leaves. It is now considered a type 1 carcinogen. It is chewed raw, roasted or boiled or as areca nut slices. Read Also: Latest corona update in Gujarat
Alcoholic beverages increase the risk of oral cancer by two to six times and increase the risk depending on the consumption. This is independent of the risk factor.
How can oral cancer be diagnosed?
The doctor will do a physical examination. This involves examining the entire oral cavity, including the upper surface of the mouth and the palate. As well as the back of the neck, the tongue and cheeks, and the lymph nodes in the neck. If the doctor finds a tumour, growth, or suspected injury, they will do a brush biopsy or a tissue biopsy. Moreover, a brush biopsy is a pain-free test in which cells are collected by rubbing on a tumour for testing. As well as tissue biopsy involves the removal of a piece of tissue and can then be examined under a microscope for cancerous cells. In addition, the doctor may perform one or more tests such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI or PET scan and endoscopy. Read Also: 5 causes of stroke symptoms causes
Key points for the treatment of oral cancer
- The main factor in the prevention of oral cancer is the need to abstain from tobacco use in any form, to avoid alcohol consumption.
- Moreover, early diagnosis of oral cancer has the potential for quality of life. We should encourage regular oral examination to check for signs and symptoms.
- Surgery: Initially, treatment involves the removal of a tumour and the removal of cancerous lymph nodes. In addition, other tissues around the mouth and neck may need to be removed. Read Also: 4 strawberry face masks for glowing skin
- Radiation therapy: Radiation beam is applied to the tumour once or twice a day for two to eight weeks, five times a week. Treatment for the stages where cancer has spread is usually a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
- Chemotherapy: This is a treatment with drugs that kill the cancer cells. This medicine is given orally or intravenously (IV). Most people get chemotherapy as an outpatient. However, some patients need to be hospitalized. Read Also: 11 homemade remedies are very useful
- Targeted treatment: This is another form of treatment that may be effective in both early and later stages of cancer. The drugs in targeted treatment will supply certain proteins to the cancer cells and slow down the growth of these cells.
- Nutrition: Many treatments make eating and swallowing difficult and painful, and poor digestion and weight loss are common. Getting the advice of a nutritionist can help you plan a food menu that will be light on your mouth and throat and provide calories, vitamins and minerals to improve your condition.
- Keeping your mouth healthy: Keeping your mouth healthy during cancer treatment is an important part of treatment. It is important to retain moisture in the mouth and keep your teeth and gums clean.
Reconstruction and rehabilitation after treatment of oral cancer
People who have a high incidence of oral cancer will need reconstructive surgery and a little rehabilitation to help them eat and speak during recovery. Moreover, reconstruction may involve the process of locoregional or free tissue transfer grafts to replace missing bones and tissues in the mouth or face. Read Also: 9 energy-boosting foods for the modern woman
Sophisticated microvascular free tissue transfer plastic surgery enables patients to maintain symmetry and function. As well as helping to maintain a good quality of life with minimal damage. Dental implants and artificial plates are used to replace any missing tissue or teeth. Oro-facial rehabilitation is also needed in cases where the spread of cancer is high. When the maximum improvement is made, treatment of speech and swallowing can be provided after the surgery. Read Also: Breakfast lunch dinner diet chart
Raising awareness among the general public and primary care practitioners, investing in healthcare services to provide early detection and early diagnosis for those who use tobacco and alcohol, and providing adequate treatment for those diagnosed with invasive cancer – are important steps in controlling oral cancer. Particular emphasis should be placed on early detection of treatment and better chances of survival of the patient.
Dr Shakti Singh Dogra (Head and Neck Oncosurgery)
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