Mental Health Problems and Solutions

Mental health disorders are characterized by issues regarding mood, thoughts, and behavior. They may also be referred to as psychological disorders, mental illnesses, and mental health conditions.

According to the  mental illness affects around 1 in 5 adults (52.9 million) in the United States.

Depressive disorders and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorders. The rates are higher in females, young adults, and adults identifying as more than two races.

Mental health professionals in the United States diagnose mental health conditions using a handbook of symptoms called the which also offers a list of diagnostic code. Please keep in mind that only an experienced mental health professional can make a diagnosis.

Most mental health conditions are treatable, often through talk therapy While not a comprehensive list of all mental health diagnoses, you can learn more about different mental health disorders, their symptoms, and treatments by browsing the list below

Mood disorders

Mood disorders are mental health conditions that affect your mood. Depressive disorders involve sad, empty, or irritable moods along with physical and thought (cognitive) changes that affect your ability to function. Bipolar disorders involve extreme mood shifts, such as between the highs of mania and the lows of depression.

Substance-related disorders

Alcohol and substance use disorders involve changes in brain chemistry that create a dependence on the substance you’re using. People with these conditions may experience dependence, withdrawal symptoms, and impairments in their personal or work lives that are related to substance use.

Schizophrenia and related disorders
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are defined by challenges in one or more of these five areas: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thought or speech, abnormal movements such as catatonia, and negative systoms, such as a lack of motivation, pleasure, or emotional expression.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder and related disorders
Obsessive compulsive disorder and OCD spectrum disorders involve elements of thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions). The disorders in this group share some characteristics but are different in many ways.

Some experts believe the conditions should be considered independent disorders rather than OCD spectrum disorders.

Stress-related disorders

Trauma or stressor-related disorders are disorders where having experienced trauma or extreme stress is an essential part of the diagnosis. Stress-related disorders have close links with anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and dissociative disorders.

Personality disorders

Personality disorders are a group of 10 disorders that involve a persistent pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are very different from cultural expectations and can lead to significant stress and disruption to your life.

Sexual dysfunctions and paraphilic disorders

Sexual dysfunctions are defined as significant problems with your ability to experience sexual arousal or sexual pleasure. Some people have several of these disorders at the same time.

Sleep-wake disorders

Sleep disorders affect the quality and amount of sleep you get. The symptoms usually involve distress during the daytime and can interfere with your ability to function in day-to-day life

Neurocognitive disorders

Neurocognitive disorders involve a decline in your cognitive (thinking) abilities. By definition, neurocognitive disorders aren’t present at birth or at an early developmental stage, but rather represent a loss of previously acquired functions or skills.

Childhood mental health disorders

Childhood mental health disorders, often labeled as developmental disorders or learning disorders, most often arise and are diagnosed when the child is of school age. Adults may also relate to some of the symptoms of these disorders, but typically their symptoms need to have first appeared at some point in childhood.

Mental health counselors and therapists

These are mental health professionals with master’s degrees in a mental health field, such as psychology or marriage and family therapy. They might go by counselor, clinician, or therapist — but they can all have the same credentials.

Depending on the state of practice, therapists may not be able to give a diagnosis. They can use therapeutic techniques to help you learn to cope with mental health conditions, problem solve, and work through conflict.

Some examples of licensed counselors include:

  • licensed professional counselor (LPC)
  • licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT)
  • licensed clinical alcohol and drug abuse counselor (LCADAC)

Other mental health professionals

You might also encounter the following professionals in your mental health journey:

  • Clinical social workers. They have a master’s degree in social work (MSW) and are trained to evaluate a person’s mental health and provide therapy or case management.
  • Psychiatric nurse practitioner. Aka mental health nurse practitioners, these professionals may have either a master’s or doctoral degree specializing in psychiatry. They can diagnose, assess, and offer therapy, and in some states prescribe meds.
  • Psychiatric pharmacists. Pharmacists that specialist in mental healthcare and medication management. Depending on their state of practice, they may be able to prescribe medications.
  • Pastoral counselors. Clergy members that are trained to diagnose and counsel. They may have a doctorate in counseling.


Venting out your problems is always healthy if you do it in a positive way. Sharing about how you feel with someone close lifts the burden from your heart, and you feel light. You are not weak if you share your feelings – be it happy or sad.

Speaking your heart out can also solve many problems that you have been going through and which have been affecting your mental health. Even if you feel you cannot articulate it properly, speak out whatever you want to say. This helps to achieve positive mental health.


Meditation will let your mind be calm and controlled. You can ease up while you meditate. Do not think about many things but rather concentrate on something particular. Allow your mind to be composed and free of any worries. Take out at least 10 minutes from your routine and meditate. This will help you go ahead with your day in a calm manner.


Do you remember when you last explored your hobbies? In this busy life of ours, taking some time out for yourself and doing something you like is very important. It makes you feel human and sober again. Take some time out for yourself, explore what you want to do. It doesn’t need to be extravagant; it can be as simple as crafting, drawing, or gardening. The critical part of this activity is to find out what you love to do and to carry out the same. This will distract you from all the tensions in your personal and work life. You will feel relaxed and composed.


Thinking positive is another important step to healthy mental health. Even in your darkest times, dare to think positively about the situation and yourself. Do NOT blame yourself or doubt your self-worth. Accept yourself just the way you are. At the end of the day, write down five things that made you proud of yourself on that day. Read those affirmations when you are at your lowest and inspire yourself to fight away that darkness. This will automatically boost your confidence and worth and have a positive impact on your mental health.




Author: Bhavin

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